The International Chess Federation (FIDE) declared
2004 as the year of Tigran Petrossyan, legendary
Armenian chess player.
Petrossyan was the 9th World Chess Champion.
He took first place at the 1962 Curacao Candidates
tournament to become the challenger for the world
In 1963 Petrossyan challenged Mikhail Botvinnik
for the World Championship and won with 5 wins,
15 draws, and 2 losses.
He was born on June 17, 1929 in Tbilisi, Georgia,
of Armenian parents. In 1946 he moved from Tbilisi
to Yerevan and that year won his first Armenian
Championships. In 1948 he repeated his success.
In 1949 he moved to Moscow and in 1951, 1956
and 1968 won the Moscow Championships.
Petrossyan was USSR Champion in 1959 and 1961
and in 1966 defeated Boris Spassky to remain World
In April 1969 Petrossyan lost the crown to Spassky.
Petrossyan played more than 2,500 games, winning
more than 62 percent of points. His peak rating
On August 13, 1984 he died from cancer in Moscow.