Bozoyan says current deputies don't represent
the interests of the people.
With the recent parliamentary elections, Armenia
has a coalition Government for the first time
in its independent history.
Ministerial posts were distributed among the
three major parties after none of the political
forces succeeded in getting the imposing votes
to take a peremptory majority in the National
President Robert Kocharyan has called the coalition
government a considerable step toward advancing
Armenia's political culture.
The three sides of the coalition -- the Republican
Party, Orinats Yerkir and Dashnaktsutyun -- are
charged with promoting effective legislative and
executive powers of the country. The three have
pledge that the Government will be stronger during
their four-year leadership.
Though certain parties have representative Ministers,
a memorandum signed by coalition members promises
they will equally share the work of the Government
and report its progress.
Political analysts consider the coalition a positive
step, however they refrain from forecasting its
Independent expert Yervand Bozoyan, the head
of Media Center, a non-governmental research agency,
says that the coalition government is typical
for Parliamentary republics, when several ruling
parties take seats in Parliament and the opposition
is a part of a political system of the country.
Armenia is a "semi-presidential country"
and besides it has a poor political system and
a weak opposition.
The main problem of the present political system,
Bozoyan says, is that political parties do not
reflect the interests of society.
"Politicians enter parties to gain power,
then enter Parliament to strengthen the power
and protect their business," Bozoyan says.
"If for example Republicans lost leverage
of power I am sure over 95 percent of its members
would leave it.
"The clan system dominates. People do not
believe the Government or the President but they
do not see an alternative. In Armenia there is
no shaped civil society. People do not know what
is a civil society and politicians do not know
It is a wide spread opinion in Armenia that Kocharyan
strengthened his position by making a coalition
from political forces who supported him.
Bozoyan says what Armenia needs now is a strong
political elite. It needs a strategy on economic
development, but it does not mean that the Government
should spend great amounts of money to invite
specialists to write programs. All the programs
are written long ago. Many other countries make
an economic progress by using the experience of
"It seems that sometimes Armenians wait
for a messiah who suddenly will appear in the
Armenian political arena and everything will be
changed in one day. Such things do not happen
in politics. If a coalition Government works effectively,
it will take decades till the results will be
The coalition has declared among its top priorities
the constitutional amendments, fulfilling of the
anti-monopolist politics and fight against corruption
and a shadow economy.
In his turn, the President expressed satisfaction
with the appointed leadership saying he is "ready
to share responsibility in the next four years".
Analyst Alexander Iskandaryan, Vice-Director of
the Swiss-based Caucasus Media Institute, says
the present system is known as a "consensual
democracy". He says the new Parliament principally
differs from the political processes of the post
The atypical element of the recent elections
was primarily the fact that the referendum initiated
by the President failed.
"It is the first time when the authorities
did not manage to get the positive results for
what they initiated," Iskandaryan says. "And
it is moreover interesting because it happened
in Armenia, where as international observers believe
the authorities can abolish gravitation by falsification."
Iskandaryan says that the grave disadvantage
of the Parliament is that it is comprised of members
whose business interests control Armenia's economy.
"Unfortunately fuel, sugar and corn are
the most powerful 'parties' in Armenia,"
he says. "If they are lawmakers in Armenia
they are elsewhere but not in the Parliament.
The present Armenian political system is morally
poor and lacking traditions."
The coalition Government will remain in force
until the next parliamentary elections in 2007.
But any of three parties have a right to leave
the coalition if its principals are broken.
Bozoyan says that he and his colleagues hope
that the consolidation of at least three parties
will become a foundation of a new political culture